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The Paneuropean Union of Finland has proposed that the International Paneuropean Union should adopt a declaration on the future status of Kosovo and Montenegro. This is the original text of the proposal, adopted by the board of the Finnish PEU, which was handed over to the Executive Vice President of the International PEU, countess Walburga von Habsburg Douglas, during the Kosovo seminar organized in Turku on 22nd of September 2005.

Proposal for the International Paneuropean Union for a Kosovo declaration

Southeastern Europe enters a crucial phase in history as the future of the Serbia and Montenegro State Union will be under scrutiny during the next 12 months. The status of Kosovo as well as of Montenegro will be on the international agenda during the year 2005-2006. The Serbian state in the heart of the Southeastern Europe will play a crucial role in assuring the peaceful and stable transition of the region to a better future.

The Paneuropean Union strongly urges all parties involved in the future status negotiations fearlessly and in a constructive manner to look for a sustainable solution for the region. The PEU claims that independence should be an acceptable solution for both Kosovo and Montenegro, if their populations in a democratic manner choose that option. Independence should not be considered as a hindrance for the future EU accession of the both countries as well as of Serbia. Indeed, agreeing on the existence of new independent states in the Southeastern Europe should not be seen as a threat, but on the contrary as a key to stability.

Peaceful and constructive status negotiations of Kosovo are an important step of the whole Southeastern Europe toward the membership of the European Union. Paneuropean Union urges Belgrade, Prishtina, Podgorica and international authorities to conduct the negotiations in a constructive manner, to put old stereotypes and allusions to historical injustices behind them and to look to the future searching for solutions that could guarantee the regional development, peace and prosperity.

A substantial number of inhabitants strongly desire the independence of Kosovo and have called for negotiations to this end. The downsizing of the UNMIK international administration has already started and competences are transferred to the local institutions. This autumn 2005 negotiations on the Kosovo future status will start. (If the Eide report is positive).

In 1989 Slobodan Milosevic removed the political autonomy of the Kosovo province that was mainly inhabited by Albanians. During the 1990s Kosovo Albanians tried by peaceful means to get their cause on the international agenda – however in vain. In the end of the decade, a liberation army was formed among the Albanian population.

In 1999 the confrontation between Kosovo Liberation Army and the Serbian Security Forces resulted in the ethnic cleansing of the province by the Serbian Security Forces who forced hundreds of thousands Albanians to leave the province to the neighboring countries and overseas. The violence was only stopped by NATO air strikes on Serbian strategic targets. Ever since the Albanian refugees have been returning to their home country and reconstructing Kosovo that has been administered by the UN administration since the summer 1999. The disastrous economic situation and huge unemployment added to the uncertainty of the future status are however creating a situation of frustration that could easily burst into flames.

Violent clashes have appeared already before between the Albanian and Serbian populations in the province. Many Serbians left the province in fear of revenge after the war 1999 as well as after the violence of March 2004. However, a peaceful return by the Serbian, Roma, Ashkali and other minority populations is today assured by the Kosovo provisional government. The Kosovo government has also shown a clear commitment in fulfilling all other standards expected by the international community. (This may be the final conclusion of the assessment made by Kai Eide, the special representative of the UN Secretary General – a positive assessment is a prerequisite for the starting of the status negotiations.)

The inter-ethnic violence has claimed innocent lives, resulted in the needless destruction of invaluable cultural heritage and property, and has destroyed the Kosovo economy. Kosovo has the potential for better standards of living of its peoples and economic recovery as well as general prosperity. All this can occur only after the establishment of stable, just and lasting state structures.

The Paneuropean Union calls on the Kosovo government to continue the fulfilling of the standards, assuring stability and minority rights, and working selflessly for the better future of Kosovo and all its peoples. The Paneuropean Union calls on the Kosovo opposition to participate constructively in the work of the institutions in achieving these goals. The PEU calls on the Serbian minority in Kosovo to use their democratic rights and fulfill their democratic duties in participating in the work of the Kosovo institutions. The Paneuropean Union calls on the Belgrade authorities to constructively encourage the Serbian minority in Kosovo to participate in the democratic institutions.

The Paneuropean Union calls on European Union and the international community to work efficiently to finish up the status negotiations on Kosovo as quickly as possible, so that criminal forces could not use the frustration of the population in their own selfish ends aiming to destabilize the region. Paneuropean Union urges the European Union and its member states to keep up their promises about the EU integration perspective for Southeastern Europe (in accordance with the promises already given in Thessaloniki 2003). The rapid integration of the whole of Southeastern Europe into the European Union is the only possibility to ensure a long lasting stabilization and economic recovery of the region.

Kosovo-julkilausuma suomeksi

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